Jaisalmer "The Golden City", is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The town stands on a ridge of yellowish sandstone, Crowned by a fort, which contains the palace and several ornate Jain temples. Many of the Houses and temples are finely sculptured. It lies in the heart of the Thar desert Maharawal Jaisal Founded the fort & town of JAISALMER in the year 1156 AD after having shifted his capital from ludharva (18 Kms away from Jaisalmer ) to a safer place. The ruling family of the erstwhile Jaisalmer State belonged to Bhati clan of Yadu Rajputs of Chandrawasnshi (Lunar) race who claim descent from Lord Krishna ,the defied hero who ruled at Dwarka.The historical origin of Bahttis can be inferred from the couplet which says that the yadu rajputs ruled and constructed forst at Kashi, Madhura, Pragvad, Gajni, Bhatner,Digam,Dirwal,Lodurva and ninth in jaisalmer.(Gajni is in Afganisthan and Dirawal is now in Pakistan)
The Golden Fort or "Sonar Killa", built of sandstone of the jurrassic periof on the Trikuta Hill (the triple peaked hill). It grows out of a rock in an undulating sea of sand .The imposing fort is awe-inspiring protected by rugged high walls, approachable through four successive gates, The Akhaiy Pol, the ganesh Pol ,The Suraj Pol and The Hawa Pol. The palaces of the rules built atop the main entrance, from an imposing edifice crowned by a huge umbrella of metal mounted on a stone shaft. The fort also hoi\uses many old Hindu aswell as jain temples and beautifully carved havelis. The entire living area is well protected within the ramparts of the fort.